What is cervical cancer? What are the symptoms!?

Sowmiya Sriram
What is cervical cancer? What are the symptoms!?
 Cervical cancer is a widely discussed topic across the country. What causes this disease? What are the symptoms of this disease?  “What is Cervical Cancer?” has been the most searched question on google across india for the past two days. That is. The reason for this is Bollywood's famous model and actress Poonam Pandey. It was reported on her social media page that poonam pandey died due to cervical cancer on the 2nd. Then, suddenly yesterday, poonam pandey released a video saying that she is not dead. In it, she said that she did this action to create awareness about cervical cancer and advise women to get the HPV vaccine to prevent this disease. Due to this act of her, on the one hand, many people hate her, on the other hand, many people are getting to know what cervical cancer is. In this post, we will also know about it.
What is cervical cancer?
It is a cancer caused by a tumor in the cervix or lower part of the cervix. Doctors say that cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix. This cancer is caused by a type of infection called human papillomavirus. It is noteworthy that this disease is sexually transmitted. Here we will see the symptoms and effects of this disease.

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer:
> Heavy bleeding between periods or after menopause.
>Thick or watery discharge. Bad smell from it.
>Pain during intercourse.
>Pain while urinating.
> Fatigue and weight loss
>Back or leg pain
> Swollen legs.
>Loss of appetite.
> Pain or fracture in the bones even with the slightest step.
>Anemia or low red blood cell count.
Risk factors that may increase the risk of cervical cancer include:
>Sexually transmitted infections are more deadly, diseases like HPV 16 and HPV 18. This causes cervical cancer.
>People with weak immune systems are affected by this disease.
> Having sex before puberty.
>Having sex with many people.
>Tobacco use
>Excessive use of birth control pills
>Genetically caused
> Family history of cervical cancer.
>Not receiving HPV vaccines.
> Absence of use of prophylactic drugs.

How to prevent it?

Vaccine use:
HPV vaccines can protect against certain types of viruses that cause cervical cancer. Vaccination is recommended before engaging in sexual activity.
Safe sex:
Use condoms during sex to reduce the risk of HPV transmission. However, it is important to note that condoms do not fully protect against HPV.
HPV Test:
People above 30 years of age should undergo a medical examination.
Have sex with fewer people. Reducing this will reduce the risk of HPV transmission. This can prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
To stop smoking:
Smoking has been linked to an increased risk of cervical cancer. Quitting smoking not only reduces the risk of cervical cancer but also improves the overall health of the body.
Maintaining a healthy diet:
Eating a nutritious diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables can boost your immune system.
Practice good hygiene:
Maintaining proper hygiene can prevent the spread of infections. Keep the genital area clean and dry. Avoid perfumes and keep the area clean.

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